Stakeholder roles

Section under development.
Self-Care benefits everyone in the community. The following table illustrates the theoretical opportunities and challenges to the greater deployment of self-care from the perspective of different stakeholders.

Opportunities Challenges
Healthy individuals and patients
  • Individual health gain
  • Empowerment
  • Personal responsibility
  • Health literacy needs
Physician/Health care provider
  • Healthier patients
  • Focus on sicker patients
  • Loss of status/control
  • Loss of income
Pharmacist
  • Extended professional role
  • New business opportunities
  • New professional skills required 
Society/Politicians
  • Societal health gain
  • Reduced demand on secondary & tertiary care
  •  Unpopular legislative options
  • Sickness service structures

 

The challenges notwithstanding, self-care has been called the next ‘megatrend’ and presents many opportunities for all the many stakeholders in health – individuals and their families, communities, governments, healthcare professionals, industry and others.

Patients

Research shows that patients and consumers who take a more active role in their health decisions will live healthier lives and be more satisfied with their health care and treatments results.

Pharmacists

In a self-care setting, the community pharmacist is no longer a mere supplier of medicines, but a team member involved in the provision of a growing range of healthcare products and services. This includes disease prevention, minor diagnostics, and the nonprescription products.

Doctors

In a survey undertaken in 1999 in the UK, 93.4% of GPs agreed that the key to reducing the number of consultations for minor illnesses is “to increase the patient’s confidence in their own ability to handle minor illness health problems”. This would allow them to dedicate more time to patients with more serious conditions.

The Healthcare System

A healthcare system which emphasizes self-care offers more ‘patient-centered’ and “disease-preventive” healthcare services, leading to improved public health standards. The accent is placed on collaborating with patients and families and providing them with the information and tools to practice self-care.

Policy recommendations also need to be developed for the roles and activities healthcare professionals and others need to adopt to encourage self-care.

The ISF is working with others to help understand self-care friendly policies and best practices.

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